Archaeological Sites of Sudan

The magnificence of the archaeological ruins and the impressiveness of the pyramids are testimonial of the quality and of the importance of the Nubian civilisation in the valley of the Nile.
The most import historical phase begun when the Pharaohs conquered the whole Nubian territory building temples and playing an important role on the local culture. Then after a silent period, we have information regarding the birth of a new reign called Kushitic with Napata as its capital (the actual Karima). The golden Nubian period begun in 725 b.C. when the Nubian king Piankhi conquered Egypt and Nile delta. In this period of time the custom of building temples and pyramids as mortuary monuments begun in Nubia while it was already abandoned for several centuries in Egypt. The Nubian pyramids have no burial room inside, the real tomb is dug below the pyramid it self and it is connected with the outside with an inclined tunnel. A votive and offering chapel is located in front of the pyramid but from there there is no access to the pyramid or the burial chamber. Meroe was the most important centre in Sudan and probably in the entire African continent for a few centuries. Towards the 4th century A.D. the city undergoes a decline phase, when the Ethiopian Christian king of Axum, Ezana, invaded Meroe and with this the big empire of the Kushitic dynasty came to an end.